Friesian Encyclopedia

Approval

Refers to the process of judging and testing of a stallion candidate for entry into the Studbook, and thus the right to breeding privileges. There are three rounds of testing a young stallion must go through before being granted a temporary breeding license. The first round usually takes place at one of the annual Inspections that take place in the separate regions across the continent (N. America). Here the stallion is judged on conformation and movement, and is either passed on to the…

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Approved Stallion

A stallion in the FPS which has successfully completed the rigorous approval process and is permitted to breed to FPS mares. Approved Stallions may be identified as such by the fact that a number follows the name, (ex: Lammert 269, Wander 352, etc..). The number indicates the stallion’s place in the list of stallion’s approved since the FPS’s founding, (so, Lammert was the two hundred and sixty ninth stallion approved, and so on..). However, if a stallion is disqualified, they may…

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Auxiliary Studbook

The Auxiliary Studbook, or Hulpstamboek was used by the FPS to help establish the Studbook. It included mares who were of untraceable lineage but who were branded with a F or FS and demonstrated the physical characteristics of a Friesian. The Auxiliary Studbook is now essentially closed since the introduction of tattooing in the 1970′s, and now microchipping which allows the horses’ lineage to be…

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B-Book I

The B-Books are a Subsidiary Registry, for horses born prior to 1995 with an FPS lineage who do not qualify for the Studbooks. B-Book I was created for breeders in countries which have a scarcity of Approved Stallions. This was the case in North America and B-Book I breeding was permitted up until 1992.The horses entered in B-Book I are those sired by a Foal Book stallion with limited breeding approval from the FPS; and whose dam is registered in B-Book I, the Foal Book, the Auxiliary…

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B-Book II

B-Book II is the second Subsidiary Registry within the FPS. Horses who were born prior to 1995, sired by a Foal Book stallion without breeding approval and produced by an FPS registered mare, may be registered in B-Book II. Also those horses sired by a stallion with limited breeding approval and produced by a B-Book II mare would be entered into the second B-Book. B-Book II horses receive identification codes from the FPS but are not eligible for star or any increase in status. North America…

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Branding

The branding of Friesian horses had been discontinued, but horses may still be seen with an FPS brand on the upper left side of their neck. Although it is often difficult to see a brand, due to a long coat, etc., the brand, if there is one, will be noted on the horse’s registration certificate. A single letter ‘F’ on the neck indicates an adult FPS mare, gelding or Approved Stallion who has been entered into the main Studbook or B-Book I. A ‘FS’ on the neck indicates a Studbook or…

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Crown

The Crown or "Kroon" predicate was introduced recently an intermediary between Ster status and Model status for mares. The judging process for Crown mares encompasses both exterior quality and sport ability. According to FHANA Rules and Regulations Section 3.3.3.2, requirements include: Minimum age is three years old Mare must have received a minimum of two (2) first premiums For Permanent Crown status the mare must complete an IBOP or ABFP test with a minimum score of 77.0 points…

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D-book

The D-book is a subsidiary registry, or sub-category within the KFPS studbook. Like the B-books, the D-book was created for horses whose breeding or lineage does not conform with KFPS policies, but are still purebred Friesians. A more recent creation than the B-books, the D-book was created to comply with European Union regulations concerning the recognition of breed registries. In short since only one European KFPS affiliate executes its own registration and breeding program independently of…

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FHANA

The Friesian Horse Association of North America is the sole representative of the Friesch Paarden-Stamboek (FPS), on the North American continent. It acts as a working studbook for its North American members, though all rules and regulations concerning the breed are adopted from the parent studbook and all registration processes for the Friesian horses are overseen by the FPS. For more on FHANA visit their website: Friesian Horse Association of North America. [See…

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Foal Book

The Foal Book is the basic registry for horses whose lineage would qualify them for entry in the Studbook at adulthood. Unlike the primary Studbook, there are no restrictions based on physical appearance or soundness. Some adult horses are not eligible for registration in the Studbook and may remain in the Foal Book. Reasons for permanent Foal Book status may include unacceptable white markings or soundness and conformational issues. Stallions who do not qualify for Approval may remain in…

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FPS

The Royal Association, Het Friesch Paarden-Stamboek, or the 'FPS'/'KFPS', is one of the oldest studbooks in the Netherlands, and is the original studbook for the Friesian horse. It was founded in 1879 by a group of dedicated individuals intent on saving the threatened breed from being crossbred into extinction. The objective of the studbook was to gather what true blooded colts and stallions of acceptable type were left and use them to rejuvenate the failing breed. Twice in its history, the…

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Linear Scores

Adult Friesians entering the Studbook are evaluated using a linear score sheet. This lists various aspects of conformation, breed characteristics and movement, with horses being scored on each point based on their positive or negative deviation from the average breed standard. The linear score sheet is used to obtain data on a stallions influence on his offspring, as well as to inform the owner on the strong and weak points to their horse. The linear score sheet is sent to the owner with that…

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microchip

Microchips

Every Friesian horse entered into the FPS Foal Book since 1997 has received an electronic identification code, or microchip. This chip is injected into the upper left neck, approximately mid way between the withers and the poll, usually when the horse is a foal, and has just been inspected and accepted into the Foal Book. (This has recently changed in the US, so that Foals are microchipped by a private vet before the Inspection.) This electronic ID code is recorded on the horse's registration…

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Model

Model is an FPS rating given to Star mares of exceptional quality. The Model Mare is much like the Studbook Stallion, having to meet many criteria and undergo evaluations before the title may be applied. To become a model mare, the horse must first be eligible for Provisional Model. Provisional Model requires that the horse be a Star Mare, at least 1.58 meters (15.2 1/4 hands), and be proven fertile by having borne and nursed a foal. The mare must demonstrate to judges that she is among the…

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