The Royal Association, Het Friesch Paarden-Stamboek, or the ‘FPS’/’KFPS’, is one of the oldest studbooks in the Netherlands, and is the original studbook for the Friesian horse. It was founded in 1879 by a group of dedicated individuals intent on saving the threatened breed from being crossbred into extinction. The objective of the studbook was to gather what true blooded colts and stallions of acceptable type were left and use them to rejuvenate the failing breed. Twice in its history, the number of purebred Friesians has dipped dangerously low, but with the help of the FPS and the Frisian people, the breed pulled through and is now flourishing under its international popularity. Since the studbook’s founding, the FPS has been devoted to improving and maintaining the quality, beauty and versatility of the Friesian horse without resorting to the dilution of its bloodlines. By using a series of strict guidelines, regulating the breed’s conformation, movement, color and temperament, and by having each horse individually assessed to ensure that they meet these guidelines, the studbook has preserved the qualities of the original Friesian horse. As the popularity of the breed has increased, so has the FPS, with affiliate organizations adopting the studbook breeding policies in countries across the globe.